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MED ASSOCIATION WEB

This site is used to create effective interaction regarding M Ed association. This will also helps to publicize the various events of NSS T...

Tuesday, 17 March 2020

Survey

Used to gather information about population group  to learn about their characteristics,opinions,attitudes or previous experience.
Survey studies are usually used to find the fact by collecting the data directly from the population
It is the most commonly used descriptive method in educational research. 
Collect data to describe the nature of existing condition or look forward the standards against existing condition or determine the relationship that exist between specific events. 

Sunday, 5 January 2020

Democratic trends in higher education

DEMOCRATIC TRENDS IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Introduction

The purpose of education in a democratic society is to instil the values of cooperation, fairness and justice into the hearts of students. The values are essential to maintaining and improving a functioning democracy in a country. Democracy aims essentially to preserve and promote the dignity and fundamental rights of the individual, to achieve social justice, foster the economic and social development of the community etc.
Democratic education is an educational ideal in which democracy is both a goal and a method of instruction. It brings democratic values to education and can include self-determination within a community of equals, as well as such values as justice, respect and trust.

Why democracy is so important?

A functioning democracy is the form of government that provides its citizens with the most freedom, the most opportunity, the greatest prosperity and the most comfortable life. Higher education established itself as a democratic institution with the aim to promote openness, freedom, and the development of practical knowledge.
Just as we should argue for, and demand vigorously, the government support for higher education, we should also think about what kind of higher education system do we want that produces the individual or leaders who care about the values most dear to us.
The relationship between the higher education system of a country and the leaders or individuals it produces is both intimate and far reaching. Even when things go bad in governance, the education system provides hope that the system will return to equilibrium.
Democratic education aims to develop real democracy through active participation by all those involved in classrooms and educational institutions. In democratic education students have the power to make decisions about their learning, because power is shared rather than appropriated in advanced by a minority of people.

Democratic principles as applied to education

Liberty
Equality in education
Fraternity in education
Justice in education
Cooperation in education
Sharing responsibility in education

The democracy elicits thoughts of freedom and autonomy from Government or at least full choice in governmental decisions. The concept of choice and control are the heart of democratic education. Choice means the ability to have autonomy in the direction of one’s own educational path. Control is the ability to decide how to approach major educational needs. Students have given choice and control over their own educational careers.

The most important benefits of democratic education in higher education sector

The students ownership of their education
Freedom for all, that means freedom to choose a course or institution.
Higher attendance
Greater participation in educational activities
Higher students achievements
Increased intrinsic motivation
Higher  education can promote democracy by fostering social inclusion
Higher education institution create a climate for public reasoning
The all India survey on higher education released the HRD Ministry, says the gender gap in higher education institutions decreased by over nine lakh from 2011-2012 to 2016-2017
There has been a trend of increasing women education whether it is colleges, universities etc.
Schemes and scholarships are provided for students to their achievement

Teacher roles in democratic education

First person of the classroom
Energetic
Ready for new challenges
Problem solving attitude
Effective orator
Unbiased
Trust worthy
No gender discrimination

Conclusion

The democratisation of education mainly includes aspects like offering free choice of education options, easy access to any level of education, a smooth transition in the movement from one level of education on to the next, creative freedom to teacher and student.
In our view, democracy has been accepted as a philosophy of modern life. Since education is a potential instrument for social changes leading to modernization it has to maintain close relationship with that philosophy.Inorder to get education, democracy is necessary. Also to understand the meaning and applications of democracy, education is essential.

Tuesday, 10 December 2019

Action research

Action research
Action research is a a deliberate, solution oriented investigation made by a person or a group. It involves action and research. Action is in the sense that it brings about some changes in the area which action research focus on and research. In the sense that it is a systematic investigation into a problem
The term action research was coined by Kurt lewin

Key points:__
*Action research is a kind of applied research

*It is a a reflective process which help teachers to explore and
 examine aspects of teaching and learning method to take action to change and improve

*it helps educator's to develop practical solutions to address them quickly and effectively

Steps of action research:_
*Title of the study

*Statement of the problem

*Need and significance of the study

*Objectives of the study

*Probable causes of the problem

*Formulation of action hypothesis

*Design of the study

*Analysis of data

*Findings

*Conclusion

Objective or purpose:_

*To improve classroom teaching

*To raise the achievement level of students

*To facilitate suitable atmosphere for effective learning

*To help teachers and administrators to study their problems well

*To develop scientific attitude in teachers

*T0 remedy problems of delinquency and backwardness

*To help School authorities to find out suitable remedial measures..

Example of action research.......


A mathematical teacher at the time of practice and drill works find that some of the students are not able to solve the problems in spite of the fact

Remedial measures:_
* The topic has been taught to them in class
*The problem has already been assigned to them in form of homework for practice
*While checking the home assignment that the teacher has found that they have correctly solved the problem

Advantages of action research...
*It develops an attitude in the teachers
*Teachers can adopt a teaching method and promote all-round development of the people
* It increases achievement level of students
*Curriculum can be effectively developed
*It solves the problem on discipline
*It removes discrepancies among pupils and students
*Solves problems of delinquency and backwardness

Disadvantages:_
*Lack of time
*Validity
*Results are not generalizable
*Range of models and process
*Lack of generalizability
*Lack of repeatability and rigour
*Difficulties in distinguishing between action and research
*Delay in completion of action research due to  wide range of reasons are not rare occurrences

Action research

Action research
Action research is a deliberate, solution-oriented investigation made by a person or a group. It involves action and research. Action is in the sense that it brings about some changes in the area in which action research focus on and research. In the sense that it is a systematic investigation into a problem
The term action research was coined by Kurt Lewin

Key points:__
*Action research is a kind of applied research

*It is a reflective process which helps teachers to explore and
 examine aspects of teaching and learning method to take action to change and improve

*it helps educator's to develop practical solutions to address them quickly and effectively

Steps of action research:_
*Title of the study

*Statement of the problem

*Need and significance of the study

*Objectives of the study

*Probable causes of the problem

*Formulation of action hypothesis

*Design of the study

*Analysis of data

*Findings

*Conclusion

Objective or purpose:_

*To improve classroom teaching

*To raise the achievement level of students

*To facilitate a suitable atmosphere for effective learning

*To help teachers and administrators to study their problems well

*To develop a scientific attitude in teachers

*T0 remedy problems of delinquency and backwardness

*To help School authorities to find out suitable remedial measures...

Descriptive research

https://research-methodology.net/descriptive-research/

Descriptive research is research used to “describe” a situation, subject, behaviour, or phenomenon. It is used to answer questions of who, what, when, where, and how associated with a particular research question or problem. Descriptive studies are often described as studies that are concerned with finding out “what is”.   It attempts to gather quantifiable information that can be used to statistically analyze a target audience or a particular subject. Description research is used to observe and describe a research subject or problem without influencing or manipulating the variables in any way. Hence, these studies are really correlational or observational, and not truly experimental.  This type of research is conclusive in nature, rather than exploratory.  Therefore, descriptive research does not attempt to answer “why” and is not used to discover inferences, make predictions or establish causal relationships.

Descriptive research is used extensively in social science, psychology and educational research. It can provide a rich data set that often brings to light new knowledge or awareness that may have otherwise gone unnoticed or encountered.  It is particularly useful when it is important to gather information with the disruption of the subjects or when it is not possible to test and measure large numbers of samples.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

http://ignca.gov.in/short-term-certification-course/research-methodology/